Living healthier can assist shield with peopling from A-fib
From weight loss to physical action, lifestyle changes are viable, yet underused techniques to oversee atrial fibrillation, as indicated by a new scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA).
Atrial fibrillation – otherwise called a-fib or AF – is a strange heart cadence influencing more than 2.7 million Americans.
In a-fib, the heart’s upper chambers beat erratically, which can prompt blood clots. If clots break off, they can cause a stroke. A-fib expands stroke hazard fivefold.
“While established medical treatment protocols remain essential, helping AF patients adopt healthier lifestyle habits whenever possible may further help to reduce episodes of AF,” said Dr. Mina Chung, who led the team that wrote the new scientific statement. She’s a cardiologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.
Lifestyle changes that can help battle a-fib incorporate keeping up a healthy weight, being active and not smoking.
Be that as it may, there are caveats, as per the announcement. Extreme physical activity can raise the danger of a-fib, so exercises of professional-level intensity are not advised.
“To help patients make healthy lifestyle changes, we suggest setting specific, progressive achievable weight and exercise targets, and prescribing lifestyle intervention programs that can provide appropriate supports,” Chung said in an AHA news release.
“Using a pedometer, smartphone/watch apps or other wearable devices that provide actionable feedback, as well as apps that help people track food intake, can be helpful to keep people motivated,” she added. “Encouragement and reinforcement from the patients’ physicians and health care team can also increase patients’ dedication.”
Smoking and moderate or high alcohol use (over seven beverages every week for ladies and 14 for men) additionally raise the danger of a-fib, as indicated by the scientific statement. What’s more, smoking additionally lessens the effectiveness of a treatment for a-fib called ablation.
Likewise, caffeine doesn’t appear to expand the danger of a-fib, however, a few people with the condition say that it can trigger an episode, as indicated by considers noted in the announcement.
However, the scientific proof on lifestyle and a-fib stays limited, Chung said. Up until this point, most studies have distinguished links, yet don’t demonstrate cause and effect. More research is required.
“In particular, we need further work on the effects of high-intensity and other physical activities, and studies on the need for and effects of screening and treating sleep apnea for AF,” she said.
Be that as it may, Chung included, the information rising so far help the advantages of lifestyle changes.
“We encourage health care teams to consider lifestyle interventions in addition to medical management for all patients with AF,” she said.
Disclaimer: The views, suggestions, and opinions expressed here are the sole responsibility of the experts. No News Postbox journalist was involved in the writing and production of this article.